List of Japanese Case markers Japanese particles

日本語格助詞のリスト

case marker で1

1. place of action event

Similar to English 'in', 'at', 'on'

case marker で2

2. means method instrument material manner.

Similar to English 'by', 'by means of' 'with', 'in'

case marker で3

3. limited scope of comparison

Similar to English 'in', 'among', 'between'

case marker で4

4. cause

Similar to English 'because of', 'due to', 'because'

case marker に1

1. point in time of action event

Similar to English 'at', 'on', 'in'

case marker に2

2. place of existence

Similar to English 'in', 'at', 'on'

case marker に3

3. destination direction of the movement/action/change/decision to

Similar to English 'to'

case marker に4

4. Indirect object of action human destination

Similar to English 'to'

case marker に5

5. the giver in the receiving' sentence. [from] (=から)

Similar to English 'from'

case marker に6

6. purpose

Similar to English 'for', 'to', 'on'

case marker に7

7. rate frequency-per

Similar to English 'per'

case marker に8

8. agent of passive sentence - by

Similar to English 'by'

case marker へ1

1. direction of the movement

Similar to English 'to'

case marker を1

1. refers to the direct object or target of action or behabior

Similar to English 'N/A'

case marker を2

2. refers to places where someone leaves, departs or pass

Similar to English 'N/A'