Basic Korean Greetings

How are you?:

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When you meet someone older than you or is not a close friend, you can use this. This is a polite expression.
To answer this greeting, you can repeat what you are said.

A: 안녕하세요? Annyeong haseyo?

How are you?

B: 안녕하세요? Annyeong haseyo?

How are you? (Instead of saying "Fine, and you?")

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There is a very polite and formal version of this greeting. To answer this greeting, you can repeat what you are said the same as the above one.

안녕하십니까? Annyeong hasimnikka?

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When you met your friends, you can say this. It means "Hi".

A: 안녕! Annyeong!

B: 안녕! Annyeong!

You can use this when you would like to say  "Bye" to your friends.

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Saying goodbye:

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When you say goodbye to someone, you have to consider whether you are leaving or staying on the spot. This is a polite expression.

If you are staying there, 

A: 안녕히 가세요. annyeonghi gaseyo.

"Goodbye; Please go in peace"

a very formal expression: 안녕히 가십시오. 

If you are leaving there, 

B: 안녕히 계세요. annyeonghi gyeseyo.

"Goodbye; Please stay in peace"

a very formal expression: 안녕히 계십시오.

Saying thank you:

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When you express your appreciation to someone, you can say this. This is a polite expression.

고맙습니다. gomapsseubnida

Thank you.

a very formal expression: 감사합니다. gamsahabnida. 

 

When you express your appreciation to friends in the morning, you can say this.

고마워!  gomawo!

Thanks!

Saying it's fine:

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You can use this expression for both "No problem" or "It's fine". This is a polite expression.

괜찮아요. gwaenchanayo. 

Don't mention it. /No problem.

a very formal expression: 괜찮습니다. gwaenchan seumnida.

When you would like to say this to your friends, you can say this.

괜찮아. gwaenchana. 

It's Okay!